THE FUTURE OF FISH FARMING & INTENSIVE AQUA CULTURE
 
Mentogystix was founded by Elizabeth Venter, who started with intensive Aqua - culture farming in ponds in 2008.
The specie farm is Mosambicus Osecromus better known as Tilapia. We only farm with the best quality Tilapia fish to ensure once
the product is market ready the Tilapia fish is of excellent quality.

 

 

 
 
Product List
 
Tilapia Recipies
 
 
 
Fish Disease
 
 
 
 
Specials
 
 
 

 

 

 

   
 

TAXONOMY

 
Tilapia is the generic name of a group of cichlids endemic to Africa. The group consists of three
aquaculturally important genera Oreochromis, Sarotherodon and Tilapia. Several characteristics
distinguish these three genera, but possibly the most critical relates to reproductive behavior.
All tilapia species are nest builders; fertilized eggs are guarded in the nest by a brood parent.
Species of both Sarotherodon and Oreochromis are mouth brooders; eggs are fertilized in the
nest but parents immediately pick up the eggs in their mouths and hold them through
incubation and for several days after hatching. In Oreochromis species only female practice
mouth brooding, while in Sarotherodon species either the male or both male and female are
mouth brooders. During the last half century fish farmers throughout the tropical and semi-tropical
world have begun farming tilapia.
 
 
PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS
 
 
Tilapia are shaped much like sunfish or crappie but can be
easily identified by an interrupted lateral line characteristic
of the Cichlid family of fishes. They are laterally compressed
and deep-bodied with long dorsal fins. The forward portion
of the dorsal fin is heavily spined. Spines are also found in
the pelvis and anal fins. There are usually wide vertical bars
down the sides of fry, fingerlings, and sometimes adults.

 
 
 
Today, all commercially important tilapia outside of Africa belong to the genus Oreochromis, and more than 90 percent of all commercially farmed tilapia outside of Africa are Nile tilapia. Less commonly farmed species are Blue tilapia (O. aureus), Mozambique tilapia (O. Mossambicus) and the Zanzibar tilapia (O. urolepis hornorum). The scientific names of tilapia species have been revised a lot in the last 30 years, creating some confusion. The scientific name of the Nile tilapia has been given as Tilapia nilotica, Sarotherodon niloticus, and currently as Oreochromis niloticus.
 
   
 

 

 

 

 

 

     
 
 
Tilapia: Life History and Biology
KNOWLEDGE ABOUT TILAPIA
 

Thomas Popma, Auburn University and Michael Masser, Texas A&M University and published by the Southern Regional Agricultural Center and the Texas Aquaculture Extension Service - Worldwide harvest of farmed tilapia has now surpassed 800,000 metric tons, and tilapia are second only to carps as the most widely farmed freshwater fish in the world.
 
The Nile tilapia (O. niloticus) was one of the first fish species cultured. Illustrations from Egyptian tombs suggest that Nile tilapia were cultured more than 3,000 years ago. Tilapia have been called Saint Peters fish in reference to biblical passages about the fish fed to the multitudes. The Nile tilapia is still the most widely cultured species of tilapia in Africa. 

Positive aquacultural characteristics of tilapia are their tolerance to poor water quality and the fact that they eat a wide range of natural food organisms. Biological constraints to the development of commercial tilapia farming are their inability to withstand sustained water temperatures below 50 to 52oF and early sexual maturity that results in spawning before fish reach market size.
 
Following is a discussion of the characteristics and culture of nonhybrid tilapia.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

THE FUTURE OF FISH FARMING & INTENSIVE AQUA CULTURE
 
Mentogystix was founded by Elizabeth Venter, who started with intensive Aqua - culture farming in ponds in 2008.
The specie farm is Mosambicus Osecromus better known as Tilapia. We only farm with the best quality Tilapia fish to ensure once
the product is market ready the Tilapia fish is of excellent quality.

 

 

 

Product List
 

Tilapia Recipies
 

Fish Disease
 

Specials
 
 


 

 

TAXONOMY

 
Tilapia is the generic name of a group of cichlids endemic to Africa. The group consists of three
aquaculturally important genera Oreochromis, Sarotherodon and Tilapia. Several characteristics
distinguish these three genera, but possibly the most critical relates to reproductive behavior.
All tilapia species are nest builders; fertilized eggs are guarded in the nest by a brood parent.
Species of both Sarotherodon and Oreochromis are mouth brooders; eggs are fertilized in the
nest but parents immediately pick up the eggs in their mouths and hold them through
incubation and for several days after hatching. In Oreochromis species only female practice
mouth brooding, while in Sarotherodon species either the male or both male and female are
mouth brooders. During the last half century fish farmers throughout the tropical and semi-tropical
world have begun farming tilapia.
 
Today, all commercially important tilapia outside of Africa belong to the genus Oreochromis,
and more than 90 percent of all commercially farmed tilapia outside of Africa are Nile tilapia. Less
commonly farmed species are Blue tilapia (O. aureus), Mozambique tilapia (O. Mossambicus) and
the Zanzibar tilapia (O. urolepis hornorum). The scientific names of tilapia species have
been revised a lot in the last 30 years, creating some confusion. The scientific name
of the Nile tilapia has been given as Tilapia nilotica, Sarotherodon niloticus, and currently
as Oreochromis niloticus.
 
 

 

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS
 
 
Tilapia are shaped much like sunfish or
crappie but can be easily identified by
an interrupted lateral line characteristic
of the Cichlid family of fishes. They are
laterally compressed and deep-bodied
with long dorsal fins. The forward portion
of the dorsal fin is heavily spined.
Spines are also found in the pelvis
and anal fins. There are usually wide
vertical bars down the sides of fry,
fingerlings, and sometimes adults.

 

 

 

 

 

Tilapia: Life History and Biology
KNOWLEDGE ABOUT TILAPIA
 
 
Thomas Popma, Auburn University and Michael Masser, Texas A&M University and published by the Southern Regional Agricultural Center and the Texas Aquaculture Extension Service - Worldwide harvest of farmed tilapia has now surpassed 800,000 metric tons, and tilapia are second only to carps as the most widely farmed freshwater fish in the world.
 
The Nile tilapia (O. niloticus) was one of the first fish species cultured. Illustrations from Egyptian tombs suggest that Nile tilapia were cultured more than 3,000 years ago. Tilapia have been called Saint Peters fish in reference to biblical passages about the fish fed to the multitudes. The Nile tilapia is still the most widely cultured species of tilapia in Africa. 

Positive aquacultural characteristics of tilapia are their tolerance to poor water quality and the fact that they eat a wide range of natural food organisms. Biological constraints to the development of commercial tilapia farming are their inability to withstand sustained water temperatures below 50 to 52oF and early sexual maturity that results in spawning before fish reach market size.
 
Following is a discussion of the characteristics and culture of nonhybrid tilapia.